White Papers

Strategies to Support Non-Proficient Adolescent Readers: Identifying and Addressing Why They Struggle

Proficiency in reading impacts all subjects across the secondary curriculum. Adolescents differ in their reading proficiency (Snow, 2002) and, therefore, differ in their levels of academic success. The white paper explores the causes of non-proficient reading as well as possible solutions for helping adolescent students in grades 6 and above learn to read well and find reward in reading.

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Academic Language: From Theory to Practice
Academic Language: From Theory to Practice

As described in “ Understanding Academic Language and its Connection to School Success ” (Friedberg, Mitchell, & Brooke, 2016), academic language is critical for reading comprehension and overall academic success. Often referred to as “the language of school”, academic language encompasses the words and phrases that characterize the texts, discussions, and assessments that students encounter in educational settings.

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Cultivating a Growth Mindset with Educational Technology
Cultivating a Growth Mindset with Educational Technology

Decades of research have demonstrated that a student’s mindset is a critical factor that impacts how comfortable and motivated they are when posed with a new or difficult problem to solve. This paper explores what it means to have a growth mindset and how supporting this perspective in students can be enhanced in the context of educational technology.

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The Importance of Intrinsic Student Motivation When Selecting Educational Technologies
students raising hands in class

Student motivation in the classroom is of critical concern because students who are motivated by their own learning perform considerably higher academically than unmotivated and unengaged peers. This paper highlights well-researched methods of supporting students’ intrinsic motivation in educational settings, and applies that research to selecting and using educational technologies.

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Understanding Academic Language and its Connection to School Success
Understanding Academic Language and its Connection to School Success

In order to gain knowledge through independent reading and participate in meaningful discussions in the classroom, students must master the complex words and phrases that characterize the language of school. This paper discusses why proficiency in these skills, otherwise known as academic language, is critical for reading comprehension and overall academic success.

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Understanding the Unique Instructional Needs of English Language Learners

English Language Learners (ELLs) are one of the fastest-growing subgroups among the school-aged population in the United States and are diverse due to differences in students’ exposure to English and individual competence in their first language. This white paper covers the unique Instructional needs of these students to help educators close the academic gap.

 
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The Critical Role of Oral Language in Reading Instruction and Assessment
The Critical Role of Oral Language in Reading Instruction and Assessment

Research has shown that oral language—the foundations of which are developed by age four—has a profound impact on children’s preparedness for kindergarten and on their success throughout their academic career. This white paper will examine the critical role of oral language in reading instruction and assessment and the implications for classroom teachers. 

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